During April 2017 bitcoin continued to increase in price, and reached ATH ~$1400 by the end of the month.
Such price increase definitely led to hype in bitcoin demand. As bitcoin ATMs are one of the easiest ways to purchase bitcoins, usage of bitcoin machines also reportedly increased. To some extent it led to growth of number of bitcoin ATMs installed. The following statistics illustrate changed bitcoin machines number during April 2017:
Period Start: 1113, Period End: 1156
Open: 63, Closed: 20, Net Growth: +43 (+3.9%)
Bitcoin ATM industry is relatively new, however, it develops very dynamically. There are many new players entering the market, at the same time there is definitely a trend of some major participants increasing their machine networks size. In this article we evaluate how high is the concentration in bitcoin ATM industry w.r.t. manufacturers and operators. For assessment we look at top 3 countries with highest number of bitcoin ATMs installed: United States of America, Canada and United Kingdom.
For the purpose of this article three types of indexes are used:
Concentration ratio 3 (CR3) – market share controlled by top 3 manufacturers or operators;
Concentration ratio 5 (CR5) – market share controlled by top 5 manufacturers or operators;
Herfindahl index – is a concentration index, which is calculated as a sum of squared market shares, and gives more weight to the situation with dominance of a single or small group of companies.
Bitcoin ATMs are spreading quite fast since the end of 2015 and beginning of 2016. Although the most useful application of bitcoin machines could be in the developing countries where financial inclusion is low, the majority of bitcoin ATMs are still appearing in developed countries.
Quick look at bitcoin ATM aggregated stats shows that 63% of all bitcoin machines are in North America and 25% are in Europe. Taking into account 5% in Oceania (mostly Australia) means almost 95% of all machines are in developed countries. There are several reasons for this. Costs for bitcoin ATMs might be quite high for average businessmen in developing country with respect to risk of operating and running it. Also return on investment required can be achieved only in locations with relatively large user base and steady bitcoin usage (mostly in developed countries as of now), which results in transaction volume for such machines.
Leading country within the developed countries list with respect to bitcoin ATM adoption is the United States. As of the end of March 2016 it has roughly 280 bitcoin ATMs installed across the country, which comprises ~45% of all installations worldwide.
Bitcoin ATM industry matures and it is now more than 2 years passed after the first bitcoin ATM installation. Let’s look at what were the most prominent events and trends in bitcoin ATM sphere during 2015 year.
Although there was a slower growth compared to the previous 2014 year it was still a significant increase in number of bitcoin ATM installations. Number of bitcoin ATMs worldwide grew from 330 to 536 bitcoin machines.
The speed of bitcoin ATM installations increased at the very end of the year (jump on the chart in December 2015). Important that new installaitons number was approximately similar to 2014 year, however, in 2015 we see a closure of more machines as well as more reshuffling happens (new locations for old machines). For comparison, in 2014 there were 43 locations delisted from the site, while in 2015 the number of closed locations increased to 183. Continue reading →
According to our bitcoin ATM industry stats, there is a growing number of bitcoin ATM installations worldwide. If someone wants to run his own bitcoin ATM or install a bitcoin machine at existing local business, what are the main points to check and decisions to make beforehand? The following article tries to answer these questions.
With all developments in Bitcoin area over last couple of years one thing became more prominent — regulation. Bitcoin ATM business is not an exception. In many jurisdictions you need to get special licenses like MSB or others in order to conduct such a business. Running a bitcoin ATM without complying with law might end up bad. So the main point to start investigating in case you would like to run a bitcoin ATM — is the legal framework for such activities in your region. Continue reading →
It’s been two years since the first bitcoin ATM went live in Vancouver, Canada on 29th October 2013. So what has been achieved over this time and what are the current dynamics of this newly evolving market?
As it is seen on the following chart number of bitcoin ATMs is steadily increasing. However, the speed is lower compared to the first year. During the first year there were 284 bitcoin ATMs installed and in the second year only 187 new bitcoin ATM locations were added and not removed later. This is lower than we forecasted a year ago based on the growth rate of traditional bank ATMs in the beginning of 70-s. It was calculated that there will be about 562 bitcoin ATMs installed by this time, however, there are only 471 in the world.
Sometimes it is hard to find a good location for a bitcoin ATM, but at the same time there are places where demand is high enough to put several machines at the same location or close to each other. It might be dictated by high competition in the region among the operators or simply pure high demand for buy / sell bitcoin services.
In this post we look at the list of top 6 bitcoin ATM cities and check who are the top operators in the areas and what is the mostly used type of bitcoin ATMs.
#6 Chicago, USA – 12 bitcoin ATMs
Chicago opens our list of top bitcoin ATM cities at position #6 with 12 installations. 7 machines are manufacturer by Genesis Coin, who is a leading supplier of bitcoin machines in this area. Speaking about operators, half of all installations belong to Red Leaf Chicago, who is the leading provider of bitcoin ATM services in Chicago area.
Recently we’ve added a new page on the site called Charts where we collect all the metrics about the Bitcoin ATM industry. The advantage of this statistics is that it is online and shows always up-to-date state of the Bitcoin ATM industry. In combination with the information about Bitcoin ATM installations per manufacturers, it gives a very solid base for understanding how we progress.
We gathered a lot of information about the Bitcoin ATMs for our Bitcoin ATM Map thanks to many contributors. Now it is time to pay back to the community. For many Bitcoin machines information about the fees was stored. However, it was the information that operators usually don’t want to share. Recently we added integration of API from many providers which allowed us to show online rates for many Bitcoin ATMs. Using the data from both sources, it became possible to answer the question “How much do the Bitcoin ATM operators actually charge their customers?”
For detection of the fees for every machine we used the following algorithm (in descending priority order):
If the data about online rates for two-way machine is available – calculate the fees based on the spread (buy and sell fees are averaged in this case);
If the data about online rates of one-way machine is available – calculate the fees based on BitcoinAverage feed in corresponding currency;
Finally, if there is no online rates information, but the data about fees was collected before – we use it.
Based on this logic we collected data on 127 Bitcoin ATMs out of total 230 machines (55%). While information about the fees was collected not only from the providers, but also from independent sources like reddit and bitcointalk, it is likely that the data is not biased and may be assumed as a representative sample.